Articles and Media



Kanter, J. W., Williams, M. T., Kuczynski, A. M., Manbeck, K., Debreaux, M., & Rosen, D. (2017). A preliminary report on the relationship between microaggressions against Blacks and racism among White college students. Race and Social Problems, 9(4), 291–299. doi: 

Michaels, T. I., Gallagher, N., Crawford, M., Kanter, J. W., & Williams, M. T. (2018). Racial differences in the appraisal of microaggressions through cultural consensus modeling. The Behavior Therapist, 41(7), 314-321.

Williams, M. T., Printz, D., & DeLapp, R. C. T. (2018). Assessing racial trauma in African Americans with the Trauma Symptoms of Discrimination Scale. Psychology of Violence, 8(6), 735-747. doi: 10.1037/vio0000212

Williams, M. T., Kanter, J. W., & Ching, T. H. W. (2018). Anxiety, stress, and trauma symptoms in African Americans: Negative affectivity does not explain the relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 5(5), 919–927. doi: 10.1007/s40615-017-0440-3

Williams, M. T. (in press). Microaggressions: Clarification, evidence, and impact. Perspectives on Psychological Science.


How microaggressions are like mosquito bites

What Are Microaggressions? AJ+

Young, L. (2018, April 3). ‘It’s a traumatic moment’: How everyday racism can impact mental, physical health. Global News. Canada.